Dr. Aguirre has developed image analysis methods used in neuroscience labs around the world. His interest in the design, analysis and interpretation of brain imaging studies has recently led him to focus on the ways in which neuroimaging is used, and misused, in a variety of different societal contexts.
Representative Publication: Aguirre, G. (2008). The political brain. Cerebrum. Published online on September 12, 2008
Dr. Chatterjee is a cognitive neurologist whose work encompasses the societal and ethical implications of brain enhancement. A related interest is the role of physicians as healers versus lifestyle enhancers.
Featured Video: Neuroethics – Are Better Brains Better?
Samuel H. Preston Term Professor in the Social Sciences and Chair of the Department of Psychology
Dr. DeRubeis’ research focuses on depression and its treatment. His research and teaching focus on the mechanisms whereby cognitive therapy or medication therapy work and scientific and societal issues surrounding the interpretation of research in this area.
Representative Publication: DeRubeis, R. J., Siegle G. J., & Hollon, S. D. (2008). Cognitive therapy versus medication for depression: Treatment outcomes and neural mechanisms. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9, 788-796.
Walter H. Annenberg Professor of Natural Sciences
Dr. Farah is interested in a variety of social, legal and ethical issues in neuroscience, including practical issues arising from brain enhancement and brain imaging, and philosophical issues related to personhood and the mind-body problem.
Representative Publication: Farah, M.J. (2005). Neuroethics: The practical and the philosophical. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 9, 34-40.
Featured Video: Living in a Neurosociety: A Neuroethics Overview
Dr. Falk uses the concepts and methods of neuroscience, psychology and communication science to understand how we are affected by media. She is particularly concerned with communication aimed at changing health behavior and the potential of functional brain imaging to better predict behavior and behavior change in response to health campaigns.
Dr. Foster is a professor of bioengineering whose varied interests include the social and ethical impact of neurotechnologies, including neural prostheses and brain imaging. He also teaches the “Ethics for Engineers” course at Penn.
Representative Publication: Foster, K.R. (2006). Engineering the brain. In Illes, J (Ed.), Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice and policy (185-200). New York: Oxford University Press.
Dr. Goodwin studies the psychology of moral reasoning, including the ways in which people think about, and judge the morality of, brain enhancements. His current research focuses on why people resist neuro-enhancement technologies that improve psychological functioning, and focuses particularly on people’s conceptions of the self and the causal assumptions they make regarding their behavior.
Representative Publication: Riis, J., Simmons, J.P. , & Goodwin, G.P. (2008). Preferences for psychological enhancements: The reluctance to enhance fundamental traits. Journal of Consumer Research 5, 495–508.
As the director of the Laboratory for Cognition and Neural Stimulation at Penn, Dr. Hamilton studies neural plasticity and recovery of function in neurological patients using magnetic and electrical brain stimulation techniques, and also investigates the effects of brain stimulation in normal healthy individuals. He is also strongly committed to enhancing the education and advancement of underserved and underrepresented groups in neurology, neuroscience, and medicine, and directs a variety of initiatives serving the needs of these populations.
Dr. Joseph Kable studies the underlying neural and psychological mechanisms of how people make decisions. His research takes an interdisciplinary approach, incorporating ideas and theories from diverse fields such as social and cognitive neuroscience, experimental economics, and personality psychology. Kable’s other interests include the individual differences in decision making, deviations in rational choice theory, and neural internalization of value.
Representative Publication: Guire, J. T., & Kable, J. W. (2013). Rational temporal predictions can underlie apparent failures to delay gratification. Psychological Review, 120 (2), 395-410. doi:10.1037/a0031910
Dr. Karlawish’s research concerns the ethical, legal and social issues that arise in the lives of persons with cognitive impairment from diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinsons disease, and mild cognitive impairment. His work has examined questions such as how does one evaluate patients’ quality of life or competence to make decisions about treatment or research participation when the disease in question affects cognition and what accommodations should society provide to facilitate voting by older adults with cognitive impairment.
Representative Publication: Karlawish J.H., Bonnie R.J., Appelbaum P.S., Lyketsos C., James B., Knopman D., Patusky C., Kane R.A., & Karlan P.S. (2004). Addressing the ethical, legal, and social issues raised by voting by persons with dementia. JAMA, 292(11), 1345-50.
Dr. Langleben studies the neural correlates of deception, drug craving, and the effects of advertizing, as well as the social and ethical issues raised by our growing ability to image these processes.
Representative Publication: Langleben D.D., Loughead J.W., Bilker W.B., Ruparel K., Childress A.R., Busch S.I., & Gur R.C. (2005). Telling truth from lie in individual subjects with fast event-related fMRI [PDF file]. Human Brain Mapping, 26(4), 262-72.
Dr. Moreno’s current interests include the role of neuroscience in the military and ethical issues concerning human-animal neural stem cell chimera. Representative Publication: Moreno, J.D. (2006) Mind Wars: Brain Research and National Defense. Dana Press.
Featured Video: The Brain and National Defense: A Neuroethics History
Dr. Morse works on problems of legal and moral responsibility and their compatibility with the materialist worldview of neuroscience. He is interested in the roles of neuroscience and behavioral science in explaining and excusing antisocial and criminal behavior.
Dr. Raine studies the biological bases of antisocial and violent behavior, including the neural bases of violent aggression and the role of neuroscience in understanding and treating such behavior in criminal offenders.
Featured Video: The Criminal Brain: How, Could and Should We Change It?
Joseph Kolodny Professor of Social Responsibility in Business; Professor of Legal Studies and Business Ethics
Dr. Robertson’s research focuses on the field of business ethics. One stream of inquiry is neuroscience research on the cognitive processes underlying ethical decision-making.
Representative Publication: Robertson, D., Snarey, J., Ousley, O., Harenski, K,. DuBois Bowman, F., Gilkey, R & Kilts, C. (2007). The neural processing of moral sensitivity to issues of justice and care. Neuropsychologia, 45, 755-766.
Dr. Rostain’s clinical and research work is focused on developmental neuropsychiatry, especially ADHD and Asperger’s syndrome. He also directs the Office of Education for the Department of Psychiatry at Penn. Dr. Rostain has been active in addressing the growing trend toward nonmedical use of stimulants for cognitive enhancement, particularly among college students.
Dr. Susan E. Rushing is Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry where she also conducts research on neuro-imaging. She is the course director for forensic psychiatry in Penn’s Psychiatry Residency program and lectures at Penn on topics in psychiatry and law, including medical decision-making capacity, laws regarding legally authorized representatives for incapacitated patients, doctor-patient relationships and confidentiality, the use of neuro-imaging data in court, medical ethics, and expert testimony.
Dr. Sadoff is board certified in psychiatry, forensic psychiatry, and legal medicine, and has added qualifications in forensic psychiatry with the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. He is a prolific writer and has authored, edited, or co-authored 10 books, including Forensic Psychiatry: A Practical Guide for Lawyers and Psychiatrists and Psychiatric Malpractice: Cases and Comments for Clinicians.
Dr. Tresch is an historian of science and technology interested in the relationships between the human mind and technological world. He is currently working on an ethnographic study of the Mind and Life Institute, which applies the methods of western neuroscience to the understanding of Buddhist meditation.
Representative Publication: Tresch, J. (2011). Experimental ethics and the science of the meditating brain. In F. Ortega & F. Vidal (Eds.), Neurocultures: Glimpses into an expanding universe (pp. 49-68). Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
Dr. Wax is a neurologist and lawyer, interested in biological and psychological constraints on socialization, development, social stratification, and gender-related behaviors at work and in families.
Representative Publication: Wax, A. (2004). Evolution and the bounds of human nature. Law and Philosophy, 23(6), 527-591.
Dr. Deena Skolnick Weisberg is interested in the development of imaginative cognition and scientific reasoning in children and adults. She is currently exploring the uses of playful imaginative cognition in developing future planning and the connection between imagination and scientific reasoning.
Representative Publication: Weisberg D.S., Keil F.C., Goodstein J., Rawson E., & Gray J.R.(2008). The seductive allure of neuroscience explanations. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20(3), 470–477. doi:10.1162/jocn.2008.20040.